Geocoding & Search API

Autosuggest and geocode addresses or reverse geocode POIs using the ‘HERE Geocoding & Search’ API.

Geocode addresses

In order to geocode addresses, the function geocode() is used. The requests are sent asynchronously, which means that every geocoded address is counting as one request. The addresses have to be of type character:

head(address, 3)
#> [1] "Luzern"   "Lugano"   "Lausanne"

Geocode the character vector containing the addresses:

geocoded <- geocode(address)

The return value is an sf object containing POINT geometries of the addresses:

head(geocoded, 3)
#> Simple feature collection with 3 features and 16 fields
#> Geometry type: POINT
#> Dimension:     XY
#> Bounding box:  xmin: 6.63222 ymin: 46.00297 xmax: 8.9512 ymax: 47.04954
#> Geodetic CRS:  WGS 84
#>   id rank                  address     type street house_number postal_code
#> 1  1    1          Luzern, Schweiz locality   <NA>         <NA>        6003
#> 2  2    1 Lugano, Ticino, Svizzera locality   <NA>         <NA>        6900
#> 3  3    1   Lausanne, Vaud, Suisse locality   <NA>         <NA>        1003
#>   state_code country_code district     city       county  state  country score
#> 1         LU          CHE     <NA>   Luzern Luzern-Stadt Luzern  Schweiz     1
#> 2         TI          CHE     <NA>   Lugano       Lugano Ticino Svizzera     1
#> 3         VD          CHE     <NA> Lausanne     Lausanne   Vaud   Suisse     1
#>        access                 geometry
#> 1 POINT EMPTY POINT (8.30437 47.04954)
#> 2 POINT EMPTY  POINT (8.9512 46.00297)
#> 3 POINT EMPTY  POINT (6.63222 46.5196)

Not found addresses are deleted from the result. This means that the sf object may contain fewer rows than the original number of addresses. The column "id" matches the order of the the input addresses. Using the "id" column a corresponding data.frame "df" with the addresses to geocode could be joined to the coordinates after geocoding.

df <- data.frame(
  company = c("Schweizerische Bundesbahnen SBB", "Bahnhof AG", "Deutsche Bahn AG"),
  address = c("Wylerstrasse 123, 3000 Bern 65", "not_an_address", "Potsdamer Platz 2, 10785 Berlin"),
  stringsAsFactors = FALSE
)
locs <- geocode(df$address)
geocoded_sfdf <- st_as_sf(data.frame(locs, df[locs$id, ]))

Print the geocoded addresses on an interactive leaflet map:

if (requireNamespace("mapview", quietly = TRUE)) {
  mapview::mapview(geocoded,
                   label = geocoded$address,
                   col.regions = "red",
                   map.types = c("Esri.WorldTopoMap"),
                   legend = FALSE,
                   homebutton = FALSE
  )
}

Note: Setting alternatives = TRUE will also return alternative locations in the same order as received from the API (rank column).

Autosuggestions

The autosuggestion endpoint of the Geocoding & Search API can be accessed using the autosuggest() function. The results parameter defines the maximum number of suggestions that should be requested for each input address.

suggestions <- autosuggest(address, results = 3)

The return value is a data.frame containing autocomplete suggestions for the addresses. The variable id matches the index of the initial address vector, which was used as input and order stores the rank of the suggestion.

results <- data.frame(
  input = address[suggestions$id],
  id = suggestions$id,
  rank = suggestions$rank,
  suggestion = suggestions$suggestion
)
input id rank suggestion
Luzern 1 1 Luzern, Schweiz
Luzern 1 2 Luzern-Land, Luzern, Schweiz
Luzern 1 3 Hauptbahnhof SBB Luzern
Lugano 2 1 Lugano, Ticino, Svizzera
Lugano 2 2 Stazione Lugano FFS (Lugano)
Lugano 2 3 Lugano Airport (Aeroporto di Lugano)

Reverse geocode POIs

The reverse geocoding feature of the Geocoding & Search API can be accessed using the reverse_geocode() function. The function allows to retrieve addresses near POIs.

reverse_geocoded <- reverse_geocode(poi = poi, results = 3)

The function returns an sf object, containing the suggested addresses or landmark names of the reverse geocoded POIs. The coordinates are different from the initially provided POIs since they represent the locations of the suggested addresses or landmarks.

if (requireNamespace("mapview", quietly = TRUE)) {
  m <-
    mapview::mapview(poi, alpha.region = 0, col.region = "transparent",
                     label = poi$city, cex = 30, layer.name = "POIs",
                     map.types = c("Esri.WorldTopoMap"), homebutton = FALSE) +
    mapview::mapview(reverse_geocoded, col.region = "red", alpha = 0,
                     label = reverse_geocoded$label, layer.name = "Adresses",
                     homebutton = FALSE)
  m
}

If no addresses or landmarks are found near a POI, NULL for this POI is returned. In this case the rows corresponding to this particular POI are missing and merging the POIs by row is not possible. However, in the returned sf object, the column "id" matches the rows of the input POIs. The "id" column can be used to join the original POIs.

API Reference