macroBiome: A Tool for Mapping the Distribution of the Biomes and Bioclimate

Procedures for simulating biomes by equilibrium vegetation models, with a special focus on paleoenvironmental applications. Three widely used equilibrium biome models are currently implemented in the package: the Holdridge Life Zone (HLZ) system (Holdridge 1947, <doi:10.1126/science.105.2727.367>), the Köppen-Geiger classification (KGC) system (Köppen 1936, <>) and the BIOME model (Prentice et al. 1992, <doi:10.2307/2845499>). Three climatic forest-steppe models are also implemented. An approach for estimating monthly time series of relative sunshine duration from temperature and precipitation data (Yin 1999, <doi:10.1007/s007040050111>) is also adapted, allowing process-based biome models to be combined with high-resolution paleoclimate simulation datasets (e.g., CHELSA-TraCE21k v1.0 dataset: <>).

Version: 0.4.0
Depends: R (≥ 3.5.0)
Imports: devtools, methods, palinsol, raster, rnaturalearthdata, sf, strex, terra
Suggests: rnaturalearthhires
Published: 2024-01-16
Author: Zoltán Szelepcsényi ORCID iD [aut, cre, cph]
Maintainer: Zoltán Szelepcsényi <szelepcsenyi.zoltan at>
License: GPL (≥ 3)
NeedsCompilation: no
Citation: macroBiome citation info
Materials: README NEWS
CRAN checks: macroBiome results


Reference manual: macroBiome.pdf


Package source: macroBiome_0.4.0.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): macroBiome_0.4.0.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): macroBiome_0.4.0.tgz, r-release (x86_64): macroBiome_0.4.0.tgz
Old sources: macroBiome archive


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